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DIAMOND EDUCATION

CARAT WEIGHT

CARAT WEIGHT

Diamond carat weight is the measurement of how much a diamond weighs. A metric “carat” is defined as 200 milligrams. Each carat can be subdivided into 100 ‘points.’ This allows very precise measurements to the hundredth decimal place.

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gia DIAMOND COLOR

DIAMOND COLOR

A diamond’s color grade actually refers to the absence of color. In other words, diamonds that are white, containing little or no color, receive higher quality grades than those with noticeable color. A chemically pure and structurally perfect diamond has no hue, and consequently, a higher value.

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FANCY COLOR DIAMONDS EDUCATION CENTER

FANCY COLOR DIAMONDS EDUCATION CENTER

Fancy colored diamonds are extremely rare stones. Approximately one out of every 10,000 naturally produced diamonds are considered “fancy colored.” The term “fancy” was coined by the GIA to distinguish between natural-color polished diamonds which display color and white diamonds.

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DIAMOND CLARITY

Clarity refers to the presence (or absence) of impurities, blemishes or other identifying characteristics within a diamond. Natural diamonds are the result of carbon exposed to tremendous heat and pressure deep in the earth. This process can result in a variety of internal characteristics called ‘inclusions’ and external characteristics called ‘blemishes’.

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DIAMOND CUT POLISH SYMMETRY

DIAMOND CUT/POLISH/SYMMETRY

A diamond’s cut not only refers to its shape, but also how effectively the stone can return light back to the viewer’s eye. A well-cut diamond will appear very brilliant and fiery, while a poorly cut stone can appear dark and lifeless.

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WHAT IS DIAMOND FLUORESCENCE?

WHAT IS DIAMOND FLUORESCENCE?

Some high-quality diamonds display a visible light when they are exposed to ultraviolet light. This is known as fluorescence.

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CLARITY ENHANCED – FRACTURE FILLING

CLARITY ENHANCED – FRACTURE FILLING

The methodical name for the treatment behind clarity enhancement is fracture filling. Fracture filling is the main treatment behind the enhancement process. This treatment is aimed at eliminating inclusions called feathers.

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DIAMOND “LINGO”

DIAMOND “LINGO”

Most Diamond certificates contain comments. Here is a small glossary that contains definitions and terminology.

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CONFLICT-FREE DIAMOND POLICY

MID HOUSE OF DIAMONDS CONFLICT-FREE DIAMOND POLICY

MID House of Diamonds guarantees every diamond sold is certified conflict–free, assuring you that our inventory was procured through legal sources. In compliance with the Patriot Act, the Kimberly Process and various United Nations resolutions, the diamonds we sell have been obtained using legitimate means.

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